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REACCIONES DE COMBUSTIÓN

DEFINICIÓN AMPLIA DE COMBUSTIÓN

La combustión es la reacción química entre dos tipos de elementos llamados combustible y comburente. Esta reacción química generalmente se lleva de manera rápida y desprendiendo calor donde a veces aparecen llamas.

Generalmente el combustible está formado por hidrocarburos y el comburente por oxígeno.

DEFINICIÓN FORMAL DE COMBUSTIÓN

La combustión es una reacción de oxidación entre un compuesto orgánico (hidrocarburo) y el oxígeno.

En la cual se obtiene como resultado de la reacción bióxido de carbono, agua y desprendimiento de calor.

FORMULA QUÍMICA DE LA REACCIÓN DE COMBUSTIÓN

EL PROCESO DE LA COMBUSTIÓN

Para iniciar el proceso de combustión entre un combustible y el oxígeno se requiere cierta temperatura inicial que depende de cada combustible. Generalmente para iniciar este proceso aplicamos una energía inicial de activación, una chispa o un cerillo.

Después de que haya iniciado el proceso y sobre las mismas condiciones la combustión no se detiene hasta que no haya combustible u oxigeno

Ejemplos:

El metano es el gas que utilizamos generalmente para cocinar nuestros alimentos. Este gas, junto que el oxígeno del aire y un cerillo o una chispa inician el proceso de la combustión en nuestra estufa.

Mas ejemplos, ejercicios y preguntas clave de examen, en nuestras guías digitales.

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