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GRAMÁTICA

La gramática es el conjunto de reglas y normas que se aplican a la organización de los elementos de una lengua (palabras) para que puedan adquirir significado y sentido en la comunidad que se usa.

También se puede decir que la gramática es la parte de la lingüística que estudia la forma y la estructura de las oraciones en una lengua.

DIVISIÓN DE LA GRAMÁTICA

Para su estudio, la gramática se divide en:

FONÉTICA

La fonética estudia los sonidos del lenguaje.

MORFOLOGÍA

La morfología estudia la forma de las palabras, sus variaciones y sus reglas para crear nuevas palabras.

Ejemplos

                    “Yo corro”

La palabra (verbo) correr, sufre variaciones dependiendo del sujeto (yo o tu) del que se esté hablando, estas variaciones las estudia y las establece la morfología de la lengua.

SINTAXIS

La sintaxis estudia el modo en que se ordenan y se combinan las palabras en las oraciones de una lengua.

Ejemplo:

En la oración: “La casa azul”, la gramática del español nos indica que primero mencionamos el sustantivo “La casa” y después el adjetivo “azul”.

Sin embargo, en otros idiomas puede cambiar su gramática, es decir el orden de las palabras, como en el inglés:

          “The blue house”, primero se menciona el adjetivo y después del sustantivo.

SEMÁNTICA

La semántica estudia el significado de las palabras de una lengua.

Mas ejemplos, ejercicios y preguntas clave de examen, en nuestras guías digitales.

Un comentario en «GRAMÁTICA»

  • el 24 de noviembre de 2021 a las 10:35 pm
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    excelente información,gracias

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